TATOS (Local Forts)
Countless tribal wars, slave trading, which stepped up in the 18th
century and political upheavals in the 19th century, were all factors
which resulted in few people in West Africa being totally immune from
danger. Subsequently at the turn of the 20th century, almost every
village and town had some degree of structural defence.
MEMORIALS (Musa Molloh, Mungo Park)
Musa Molloh is a renowned and famous warrior, leader of troops as well
as a skilled diplomat in having dealt successfully with both the
French and British in the midst of Senegambia politics in the 19th and
early 20th centuries.
To get to Musa Molloh's tomb make a left turn at the village of Boraba
which is less than a kilometre from the junction leading to Sankulay
Kunda and Georgetown. Kesser Kunda is about two kilometres from Boraba.
Visit the Alkalo of the village who can assign you a guide to take you
to the tomb.
Make a left turn to the village of Boraba which is less than a
kilometer from the junction leading to Sankulay Kunda and Georgetown.
Kesser Kunda is about 2 kilometers from Boraba. Visit the Alkalo of
the village who can assign you a guide to take you to the tomb.
Mungo Park was a British explorer born in Selkirk, Scotland, in 1771
and died in 1806 at Busa, Nigeria.
After serving as a surgeon with the East India Company, he was
employed by the 'Association for Promoting the Discovery of the
Interior of Africa' to explore the course of the Niger River.
Traveling from the Gambia River, he reached the Niger at Segu and
proceeded upstream to Bamako. On his return to England he published
Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa. He was sent (1805) by the
government to trace the Niger to its mouth, but at Bussa, Nigeria, he
and his party all of them lost their lives.
There is a memorial stone obelisk dedicated to Mungo Park located at
Karantaba in the Sami District of the Central River Division.
The three sacred crocodile pools of Katchikally in Bakau, Folonko in
Kartong and Berending (at Berending) are primarily fertility shrines
where , for generations, people have sought help for their problems.
Bringing kola nuts as offerings, women come to cure their infertility,
men to reverse bad fortune in business, parents to seek protection for
their children during the trials of circumcision, wrestlers to achieve
victory and more.
The reptiles in the pools are Nile crocodiles which can grow up to 4.5
metres long and may live up to a century. The pools at Bakau and
Kartong are fed by springs while the Berending pool is fed by salt
water from nearby streams.
Katchikally is located in the Bakau bush close to Atlantic Road.
Folonko can be found in Kailung which is predominantly a fishing
village on the coast that is now popular for sand mining. Kailung is
about 1 hour 30 minutes drive from Banjul.
Berending can be
reached from Banjul by using the ferry crossing to Barra on the north
bank of the river. Berending is about 5km from Barra.
SAND DUNE MOSQUES
Kenye-Kenye J amango is a Mandinka tern which literally translates as
Dune Mosque. This refers to a makeshift mosque located on the sand
overlooking Gunjur beach about 1 km from the fishing centre. The
associated grounds, buildings and rocks are all regarded as sacred
the site provided sojourn for the Khalifat'ul Tijanniyya
Sheikh Umar Taal (Leader of the Tijanniyya Sect in West Africa) during
his Islamisisation Mission in West Africa during the 19th century.
The site is about 1 km from the fishing centre at Gunjur beach. Any
resident of the area can point it out from the fishing centre.
Sannehmentering is a sacred grove
located on the cliffs overlooking the sea at Brufut. The grove is
mainly of Baobab trees. It has a well defined approach from the main
road opposite the village, which is marked by a newly lined ornamental
plants. A mud hut with corrugated iron roofing provides shelter for
those wishing to keep vigil at the site. At the bottom of the cliff is
a well where those who come for prayers are ritually bathed.
In simple terms, a shell mound is a rubbish heap of debris left behind by people who supplemented their diet by eating shell fish. They collected their shellfish, extracted the meat from within and then dumped the empty shell. These shells accumulated over time, interspersed with other debris thrown out by the people, including broken pottery and other domestic items.
While shell mounds can accumulate as part of a natural depositional process, there are shell mounds in this country that are man-made. Huge numbers of these mounds have been recorded, distributed along the coast of Senegal, through The Gambia, Cassamance, and into Guinea Bissau.
Raymond Mauny, a French archaeologist at IFAN, reported some of these mounds in 1958. He correctly stated that some were artificial pottery. They are usually located on the mangrove swamps, at the point where dry land gives way to the tidal marshes, although some are recorded as being complete artificial islands mid-stream in bolongs, for example at Dioron Boumak in Senegal and there is a similar site in the bolongs near Denton Bridge, outside Banjul.
OTHER SITES OF INTEREST
These include sacred wells, sites used by renowned religious
personalities for prayers, ant hills, cemeteries, stone circles or
isolated pillars, caves, mosques, churches, etc. They are sometimes
associated with special powers and are consequently venerated by
individuals and communities.
For further information and directions on any of the above sites
please feel free to visit the National Museum on Banjul's Independence